Gold History

Gold is a pure chemical element with the symbol Au. The word gold comes from the Old English word “geolu”, which means yellow. It is the only metal in nature that is yellow or “golden”. It is believed that nearly all of the gold on Earth came from meteorites that bombarded the planet over 200 million years after it formed. Gold has been considered the most beautiful of all chemical elements. For thousands of years it has been a coveted and prestigious metal used in jewelry, coins, and artwork.

Alloys & Purity

Yellow gold is very soft and is usually combined with other metals, or alloys. A gold “alloy” is made by combining pure gold with other metals to make it stronger and durable. The amount of pure gold present in a gold alloy is described in karats. The highest possible karat is 24 and is considered pure gold which has no metals alloys. The most common alloys used are nickel, copper and zinc.

Yellow Gold

Yellow gold is available in different tones affected by the type of metal alloys used, and the percentage of each of them.  18K gold which is used in all Yvel Jewelry collectionshas an intense yellow glow and rich complexion.

White Gold

White gold is an alloy of gold combined with at least one white metal such as nickelsilvermanganese or palladium and plated with an exceptionally hard element called rhodium. The combination of gold with other metal can create white gold in a variety of karats.

Rose Gold

Rose gold is a combination of yellow gold and copper. The copper percentage used effects the hue and color of the gold. Pink gold uses the least copper, followed by rose gold, with red gold having the highest copper content.


Each gemstone is a unique gift from Mother Nature. These colorful minerals are grown and formed deep beneath the earth’s surface over thousands of years. Each gemstone is unique. Gemstones come in a rainbow of colors. Some gemstones have been treasured since before history began and others were only discovered recently.


For thousands of years, the ruby has been considered one of the most valuable gemstones on Earth.

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The red color is caused mainly by the presence of the element chromium. Ruby is the birthstone for July and the gem for the 15th and 40th anniversaries.


Sapphire is a gemstone variety of the mineral corundum.

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It is typically blue in color, but also appears in a rainbow of shades. These sapphires called “fancy sapphires” and are rare. Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the gem of the 5th and 45th anniversaries.

Rose Quartz

Rose quartz is often called the “Love Stone.” – A Crystal of Unconditional Love.

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It gets its name from its pink color, which ranges from very light to medium-dark pink.


Tanzanite is the blue to violet to purple variety of the mineral zoisite.

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It is mined in Tanzania, which is where it gets its name. When viewed from different directions, tanzanite can look blue, violet, purple, bronze or even gray.


Citrine is rare in nature. It is often confused with topaz as they share the same hues and colors.

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As with most other quartzes its color, durability and affordability makes it the top selling yellow, orange gem.  Citrine is a birthstone for November.

Smoky Quartz

Smoky Quartz is a silicon dioxide mineral ranging in color from pale, smoky gray to deep brown, black and yellow-brown.

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It forms as crystals and its color is affected by impurities of aluminum and natural irradiation of the stone. Smoky Quartz was known as a Stone of Power.


Emerald is a precious gemstone and a variety of the mineral beryl naturally colored green by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium.

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Emerald is regarded as the traditional birthstone for May as well as the traditional gemstone for the astrological signs of Taurus, Gemini, and sometimes Cancer.


Aquamarine is the green-blue to blue of the mineral beryl

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Its name comes from the Latin for seawater and it was said to calm waves and keep sailors safe at sea. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March and the gem of the 19th wedding anniversary.


Learn more about diamond cut’s colors clarity and carats in our Diamond Guide


Learn more about pearl types, colors and unique qualities in our Pearl Guide


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